Lombok. (n.d.). In YourDictionary. Retrieved from https://www.yourdictionary.com/Lombok
An island of south-central Indonesia in the Lesser Sunda Islands east of Bali, from which it is separated by the Lombok Strait. Long ruled by Bali, the island was annexed to the Dutch East Indies in 1894.
Bali is separated from Lombok by a strait not more than 15 m.
Or so in width, and separating the two fertile but otherwise insignificant islands of Bali and Lombok, makes such a frontier as can hardly be shown to exist elsewhere.
Then, of forms which are but weakly represented, we have the otherwise abundant thrushes (Turdidae), and, above all, the woodpeckers (Picidae), of which only very few species, out of 400, just cross the boundary and occur in Lombok, Celebes or the Moluccas, but are unknown elsewhere in the region."
250 genera and species, extend to almost every part of the region, yet only one species of Ptilotis oversteps its limits, crossing the sea from Lombok to Bali.
In 1882, for administrative purposes, Bali was separated from Java and combined with the island of Lombok to form the Dutch residency of Lombok and Bali.