Bavarian-born Spanish general who commanded the fleet that defeated the Turks at the Battle of Lepanto in the Gulf of Corinth (1571) and captured Tunis (1573).
In compliment to King Philip, the general command of the league's fleet was given to his natural brother, Don John of Austria.
Stirling Maxwell, Don John of Austria (1883); and Jurien de la Graviere, La Guerre de Chypre la bataille de Lepanto (1888).
Don John of Austria becomes General.
With Spain the war continued, and on the 24th of August 1574 Tunis - which had been taken by Don John of Austria in 1572 - was recaptured by the Turks, who from this new base proceeded, under Sinan Pasha and Kilij Ali, to ravage Sicily.'
He negotiated an alliance between the Venetians and Spaniards, contributed ships and soldiers, and secured the election of Don John of Austria to the supreme command.