An island of the southern Inner Hebrides of western Scotland. Farming, fishing, and distilling are important to its economy.
The city is provided with a tram line, and is connected with the coast at Mollendo (Islay) by a railway 107 m.
It is traversed by an important railway line from Mollendo (Islay) to Puno, on Lake Titicaca, 325 m.
The Inner Hebrides are much more scattered and principally include Skye, Small Isles (Canna, Sanday, Rum, Eigg and Muck), Coll, Tyree, Lismore, Mull, Ulva, Staffa, Iona, Kerrera, the Slate Islands (Seil, Easdale, Luing, Shuna, Torsay), Colonsay, Oronsay, Scarba, Jura, Islay and Gigha.
About the year 1095 Godred Crovan, king of Dublin, Man and the Hebrides, died in Islay.
John Macdonald of Islay, who died about 1386, was the first to adopt the title of Lord of the Isles.