Henry IIHenry II
King of England (1154-1189). The son of Princess Matilda, he founded the Plantagenet royal line and appointed Thomas à Becket as archbishop of Canterbury. His quarrels with Becket concerning the authority of the Crown over the Church led to the murder of the archbishop (1170).
King of France (1547-1559). The son of Francis I, he regained Calais from the English (1558).