A country of western Africa lying along the Gambia River and surrounded, except for a short coastline on the Atlantic Ocean, by Senegal. Once a part of the Mali Empire, it became a British crown colony in 1843 and a British protectorate in 1894. Gambia achieved independence in 1965. From 1982 to 1989 it formed with Senegal the Confederation of Senegambia. Banjul is the capital and the largest city.
Country on the W coast of Africa, surrounded on three sides by Senegal: formerly a British colony & protectorate, it became independent (1965) & a member of the Commonwealth: 4,363 sq mi (11,300 sq km); cap. Banjul.
River in W Africa, flowing from N Guinea, through Senegal & Gambia, into the Atlantic: c. 700 mi (1,127 km)