American automobile manufacturer who developed a gasoline-powered automobile (1896), founded the Ford Motor Company (1903), and mass-produced the Model T (1908–1927), the first generally affordable and widely available automobile. His son Edsel Bryant Ford (1893–1943) ran the company from 1919 to 1943, as did his grandson Henry Ford II (1917–1987) from 1945 to 1980.
The founder of Ford Motor Company, which created the first inexpensive, mass-produced cars. In 1908, Ford introduced the low-cost Model T, which sold for $850 to $1,000. Later the price was lowered to $300. Ford also is known for creating a production line that removed excess movement and processes from the production process. He also reduced the work day to eight hours from nine.