It took its name from Elea, a Greek city of lower Italy, the home of its chief exponents, Parmenides and Zeno.
See further the articles on Xenophanes; Parmenides; Zeno (of Elea); Melissus, with the works there quoted; also the histories of philosophy by Zeller, Gomperz, Windelband, &c.
Parmenides of Elea (544-430 B.C.) distinguishes five of these zones, viz.
XENOPHANES of Colophon, the reputed founder of the Eleatic school of philosophy, is supposed to have been born in the third or fourth decade of the 6th century B.C. An exile from his Ionian home, he resided for a time in Sicily, at Zancle and at Catana, and afterwards established himself in southern Italy, at Elea, a Phocaean colony founded in the sixty-first Olympiad (536-533).
Ionian Greeks fleeing from foreign invasion founded Siris about 650 B.C., and, much later, Elea (540).