The first step in improving the security and privacy of information contained in federal computer systems. Signed January 8, 1988 by President Reagan, the Act: Establishes a central authority for developing guidelines for protecting unclassified, but sensitive information stored in government computers. Requires each agency to formulate a computer security plan, tailored to its own circumstances and based on the guidelines. Mandates that each agency provide training for its computer employees on the threats and vulnerabilities of its computer systems. Ensures that the National Security Agency and other defense-related government agencies not control computer security standards in civilian agencies of government. See information security.