(legal term) Over the past 25 years, and particularly after the Morris-Worm incident of 1988, U.S. legislation has been passed with the intention of curbing cracking-related activities. For example, the Comprehensive Crime Control Act gave the U.S. Secret Service jurisdiction over credit card and computer fraud. By the late 1980s, the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act gave more clout to federal authorities to charge crackers. Schell, B.H., Dodge, J.L., with S.S. Moutsatsos. The Hacking of America: Who’s Doing It, Why, and How. Westport, CT: Quorum Books, 2002.