Origin of Canutefrom Danish Knut
994?-1035; 1st Dan. king of England (1017-35) & king of Denmark (1018-35) & of Norway (1028-35)
also called Canute the Great
also Cnut or Knut Known as “the Great.” 994?-1035
King of England (1016-1035), Denmark (1018-1035), and Norway (1028-1035) who established a powerful, Christian kingdom in England after invading the country in 1015. He is the subject of many legends.
- No one save the king had the right of jurisdiction over him, while by a law of Canute we learn that he paid a larger heriot than an ordinary thegn.
- He was buried in St Paul's, whence his body was removed by Canute to Canterbury with all the ceremony of a great act of state in 1023.
- With the accession of the Danish king Canute, the original raison d'être of the tax ceased to exist, but it continued to be levied, though for a different purpose, assuming now the character of an occasional war-tax.
- Further incursions made by the Danes in 998 and in 1015 under Canute probably resulted in the destruction of the priory, on the site of which a later house was founded in the 12th century as a cell of the Norman abbey of Lysa, and in the decayed condition of Wareham in 1086, when 203 houses were ruined or waste, the result of misfortune, poverty and fire.
- The charter of Canute (1032) contains a reference to "hustings" weights, which points to the early establishment of the court.