It is served by the Houston & Texas Central, the St Louis South Western, and the Trinity & Brazos Valley railways.
The Red, the Brazos, the Colorado, the Guadalupe, and the Nueces rise on the E.
Ship canal from the Gulf to Port Arthur (the Port Arthur Canal), opened in 1899, and transferred to the United States government in 1906; the Galveston and Brazos River canal, 29.5 m.
Austin established the first permanent Anglo-American settlement at San Felipe de Austin on the Brazos river.
They established a War with depot at Point Ysabel (behind the opening of Brazos United Santiago), and erected a fort in Texan territory, corn States, manding Matamoros, on the Mexican side of the Rio 1846-48.