a. A dish of raw leafy green vegetables, often tossed with pieces of other raw or cooked vegetables, fruit, cheese, or other ingredients and served with a dressing.
b. The course of a meal consisting of this dish.
- A cold dish of chopped vegetables, fruit, meat, fish, eggs, or other food, usually prepared with a dressing, such as mayonnaise.
- A green vegetable or herb used in salad, especially lettuce.
- A varied mixture: “The Declaration of Independence was … a salad of illusions” ( George Santayana )
Origin of salad
Middle English salade from
Old French possibly from
Old Provençal salada from
Vulgar Latin salāta from feminine past participle of *salāre to salt from
Latin sāl salt
; see sal-
in Indo-European roots.Word History:
Salt was and is such an important ingredient in salad dressings that the very word salad
is based on the Latin word for “salt.” Vulgar Latin had a verb *salāre,
“to salt,” from Latin sāl,
“salt,” and the past participle form of this verb, *salāta,
“having been salted,” came to mean “salad.” The Vulgar Latin word passed into languages descending from it, such as Portuguese ( salada
) and Old Provençal ( salada
). Old French may have borrowed its word salade
from Old Provençal. Medieval Latin also carried on the Vulgar Latin word in the form salāta.
As in the case of so many culinary delights, the English borrowed the word and probably the dish from the French. The Middle English word salade,
from Old French salade
and Medieval Latin salāta,
is first recorded in a cookbook composed before 1399. • Salt is of course an important ingredient of other foods and condiments besides salad dressings, as is evidenced by some other culinary word histories. The words sauce
borrowed into English from French and Spanish, respectively, both come ultimately from the Latin word salsus,
meaning “salted.” Another derivative of this word was the Late Latin adjective salsīcius,
“prepared by salting,” which eventually gave us the word sausage.
(countable and uncountable, plural salads)
- A food made primarily of a mixture of raw or cold ingredients, typically vegetables, usually served with a dressing such as vinegar or mayonnaise.
- Boys, I may not know much but I know the difference between chicken shit and chicken salad.
- A raw vegetable of the kind used in salads.
From Old French, borrowed from Northern Italian salada, salata (compare insalata), from Vulgar Latin *salÄta, from *salÄre, from Latin saliÅ, from sal (“salt").