Weimar[vī′mär′; E vī′mär′, wī′-]
city in central Germany, near Erfurt, in the state of Thuringia: pop. 62,000
A city of central Germany southwest of Leipzig. The capital of the duchy of Saxe-Weimar, it developed as the most important cultural center in Germany after the arrival of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in 1775. In 1919 the German National Assembly met here and established the Weimar Republic, which lasted until 1933.