Volgograd[väl′gə grad′, vōl′-; Russ vō̂l gä grät′]
city in SC European Russia, on the Volga: scene of a decisive Soviet victory (1943) over German troops in WWII: pop. 1,003,000
A city of southwest Russia on the Volga River northeast of Rostov. Founded in 1589 as a defensive stronghold named Tsaritsyn, it was renamed Stalingrad in 1925 and Volgograd in 1961. The city was besieged and severely damaged during a prolonged battle in World War II, with extensive casualties of both German and Soviet troops.