Smilacoideae are climbing shrubs with broad net-veined leaves and small dioecious flowers in umbels springing from the leaf-axils; the fruit is a berry.
Pedemontanum, 9 in., reddish-violet, very beautiful, the umbels nodding.
They flower in early spring, and all have a fine appearance when in bloom, on account of their large showy umbels of yellow flowers.
At the base of the general umbel in umbelliferous plants a whorl of bracts often exists, called a general involucre, and at the base of the smaller umbels or umbellules there is a similar leafy whorl called an involucel or partial involucre.
From the primary floral axis a the secondary axes come off in a radiating or umbrella-like manner, and end in small umbels b, which are called partial umbels or umbellules.