region of central Italy, formerly a grand duchy: 8,878 sq mi (22,994 sq km); pop. 3,530,000; chief city, Florence
See Tuscany in American Heritage Dictionary 4
A region of northwest Italy between the northern Apennines and the Ligurian and Tyrrhenian seas. Inhabited in ancient times by the Etruscans, it fell to Rome in the mid-fourth century B.C. Tuscany was a grand duchy under the Medicis (1569-1860) and subsequently became united with the kingdom of Sardinia.