In this way the hydroid colony becomes composed of two portions of different function, the nutritive " trophosome," composed of non-sexual polyps, and the reproductive " gonosome," composed of sexual medusaindividuals, which never exercise a nutritive function while attached to the colony.
The coenosarc constitutes a system by which the digestive cavity of any one polyp is put into communication with that of any other individual either of the trophosome or gonosome.
- Hydro- medusae with alternation of generations (metagenesis)in which a non-sexual polypgeneration (trophosome) produces by budding a sexual medusa-generation (gonosome).
- Trophosome without hydrothecae or gonothecae, with monopodial type of budding.
Trophosome arborescent, with hydranths of Bougainvillea-type; gonosome free medusae or gonophores, the medusae with solid tentacles in tufts (lophonematous).
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