A country of western Africa on the Gulf of Guinea. Situated between the Dahomey and Ashanti kingdoms, the region was held by Denmark in the 18th century and became the German protectorate of Togoland in 1884. The territory forming present-day Togo was administered as French Togoland from 1922 to 1960, when it achieved independence as a republic. Lomé is the capital and the largest city. Population: 5,700,000.