autonomous region of SW China, occupying a high plateau area north of the Himalayas: 471,662 sq mi (1,221,600 sq km); pop. 2,220,000; cap. Lhasa
An autonomous region of western China between the Himalaya and Kunlun Mountains. A center of Lamaist Buddhism, Tibet flourished as a kingdom in the 7th century. Following periods of Han, Mongol, and Manchu rule, it proclaimed independence in 1913 from the Qing Dynasty and fell under Chinese control in the 1950s. Lhasa is the capital.