Thuringia[t̸ho̵̅o̅ rin′jē ə, t̸hyo̵̅o̅-; -jə]
state of central Germany: 6,244 sq mi (16,172 sq km); pop. 2,518,000; cap. Erfurt
A historical region of central Germany south of the Harz Mountains and crossed by the Thuringian Forest, a range of low, wooded mountains. The region fell to the Franks in the 6th century AD and became a principality of the Holy Roman Empire in the 11th century.