The marquis Lafayette, doubly popular as a veteran of the American War and as one of the nobles who heartily upheld the cause of the Assembly, was chosen commandant of the new civic force, thenceforwards known as the National Guard.
Thenceforwards the clergy were divided into hostile factions, the Constitutionals and the Nonjurors.
Thenceforwards the name of Jacobin was confined to the smaller and more fanatical group, while the rest came to be known as the Girondins.
Without a pretence of negotiation the French government declared on the 16th of November that the Scheldt was thenceforwards open.
The Revolutionary Tribunal was reorganized, and thenceforwards condemnations were rare.