- a movable shelter or screen with a strong arched roof, used as a protection by ancient Roman soldiers
- a protective covering over a group of ancient Roman soldiers, formed by overlapping their shields above their heads
Origin of testudoL, tortoise, tortoise shell, hence protective covering, shed from testa, shell: see test
- A Roman siege device consisting of a movable screen protecting the besiegers' approach to a wall.
- A cover formed by the overlapping shields of besiegers and held over their heads.
Origin of testudoLatin testūdō, tortoise, tortoise shell, testudo from testa shell, earthenware vessel of unknown origin
(plural testudos or testudoes or testudines)
- (historical, Roman antiquity) A shelter formed by a body of troops by holding their shields or targets close together over their heads.
- (music) A kind of lyre; so called in allusion to the lyre of Mercury, fabled to have been made of the shell of a tortoise.
Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster's Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.