seaport in SE Italy, on the Gulf of Taranto: pop. 230,000
arm of the Ionian Sea, in SE Italy: c. 85 mi (137 km) long
L Tarentum < Gr Taras, said to be named after Taras, son of Poseidon
See Taranto in American Heritage Dictionary 4
A city of southeast Italy east-southeast of Naples on the Gulf of Taranto, an arm of the Ionian Sea. Founded by Greeks from Sparta in the eighth century B.C., it was known as Tarentum in Roman times. Ruled by varied powers over the centuries, it became part of Italy in 1860. Population: 196,000.