JAMES NAPPER TANDY (1740-1803), Irish rebel, son of a.
Tandy persuaded the corporation of Dublin to condemn by resolution Pitt's amended commercial resolutions in 1785.
The violence of his opinions, strongly influenced by French revolutionary ideas, now brought Tandy prominently under the notice of the government.
Tandy then took proceedings against the lord lieutenant for issuing a proclamation for his arrest; and although the action failed, it increased Tandy's popularity, and his expenses were paid by the Society of the United Irishmen.
In the following year Napper Tandy took a leading part in organizing a new military association in Ireland modelled after the French National Guards; they professed republican principles, and on their uniform the cap of liberty instead of the crown surmounted the Irish harp. Tandy also, with the purpose of bringing about a fusion between the Defenders and the United Irishmen, took the oath of the Defenders, a Roman Catholic society whose agrarian and political violence had been increasing for several years; but being threatened with prosecution for this step, and also for libel, he fled to America, where he remained till 1798.