The flag of Taiwan.Licensed from iStockPhoto
- island of China, off the SE coast: a Japanese territory (1895-1945)
- political unit consisting of this island, the Pescadores, Quemoy, Matsu, and other small island groups, governed as a separate country since 1949 and officially called the Republic of China: regarded as a province of China by the People's Republic of China: 13,970 sq mi (36,182 sq km); pop. 21,000,000; cap. Taipei
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Taiwan - Cultural Definition
- When the Chinese communists came to power on the mainland, the Nationalist government of Chiang Kai-shek and some of his army took refuge on Taiwan.
- The United States long supported the Nationalists but broke relations in 1979 to establish relations with the People's Republic of China.
- With its first free elections in the 1990s, Taiwan has become a democracy. Its economy is among the strongest in the world.
- China refuses to accept Taiwan's independence as a nation, viewing it instead as merely a renegade province of China. This issue continues to complicate relations between the United States and China.