- region of ancient times at the E end of the Mediterranean
- country in the NW part of this region, south of Turkey: formerly a French mandate, it became an independent republic (1944-58); united with Egypt to form the United Arab Republic (1958-61); union dissolved (1961): 71,498 sq mi (185,179 sq km); pop. 9,046,000; cap. Damascus
- Syrian adjective, noun
Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
- Syrˈi·an adjective & n.
Syria - Cultural Definition
Republic in the Middle East, bordered by Turkey to the northwest, north, and northeast; Iraq to the east and south; Jordan to the south; and Israel, the Mediterranean Sea, and Lebanon to the west. Its capital and largest city is Damascus.
- Syria was established from former Ottoman Empire territory in 1920 but dominated by France until the 1940s. It is extremely hostile toward Israel.
- In the Six-Day War, in 1967, Israeli troops dislodged Syrian forces from the Golan Heights, which overlook Israeli territory.