syncope[siŋ′kə pē, sin′-]
- The definition of a syncope is a word pronounced without a sound in the middle, or a fainting caused by a lack of oxygen in the brain.
- An example of a syncope is pronouncing cannot as can't.
- An example of a syncope is passing out from holding your breath too long.
- the dropping of sounds or letters from the middle of a word, as in (gläsʹtər) for Gloucester
- a fainting, or loss of consciousness, caused by a temporary deficiency of blood supply to the brain
Origin of syncopeLate Latin ; from Classical Greek synkopē ; from syn-, together + koptein, to cut ; from Indo-European base an unverified form (s)kep- from source capon
- Grammar The shortening of a word by omission of a sound, letter, or syllable from the middle of the word; for example, bos'n for boatswain.
- Medicine A brief loss of consciousness caused by inadequate blood flow to the brain.
Origin of syncopeMiddle English sincopis, from sincopene, from Late Latin syncopēn, accusative of syncopē, from Greek sunkopē, from sunkoptein, to cut short : sun-, syn- + koptein, to strike.
- syn′co·pal , syn·cop′ic
- A loss of consciousness when someone faints, a swoon.
- (prosody, phonology) The absence of a sound from the interior of a word, for example by changing cannot to can't or the pronunciation of placenames in -cester (e.g. Leicester) as -ster.
- A missed beat or off-beat stress in music resulting in syncopation.
- syncopal, syncopic
Late Latin syncope, from Ancient Greek συγκοπή (sunkopē), from σύν (sin) + κόπτω (koptein, “strike, cut off”).