This slideshow focuses on some of the most-heard, yet not often understood, terminology of seven of the most popular Summer Olympic sports:
For more information and a little history about each of the Olympic sports, check out the sports information provided by the International Olympic Committee.
Two of the most popular marathon terms include:
The marathon race in the Olympics commemorates the run taken in 490 B.C. by Pheidippides, a Greek courier, from Marathon to Sparta where he died after delivering the message that the Greeks had been victorious over the Persians.
- unsporting behavior
- delays in the start of game
- dissent, shown either by what the play does or says
The player can continue to play after receiving one yellow card; but, after two yellow cards, the player is sent off the field.
- serious foul play
- violent conduct
- offensive or abusive language or gestures
The player is sent out of the game and he cannot be replaced by another player. The team must continue to play with one less player.
Volleyball, whether it is played inside on a court or outside on the sand, has become a very popular Olympic sport.
The game is a fast-paced team sport where the ball passes back and forth across the net. One of the key terms to learn is "stuff block."
Volleyball is a relatively easy game to learn as an observer. It moves quickly; but, the goals are always the same...get the ball across the net and onto the ground before the receiving team can return it to the originating team.
The performance on the high bar or parallel bars includes several moves, each requiring a different level of strength or expertise. For example:
High bars and parallel bars require arm, shoulder and upper torso strength as well as extreme balance skills, even while turning when they cannot see the bars.
The 100-meter sprint is thought to be the modern equivalent of the prestigious 180-meter sprinting race which was run in ancient Greece.
The runner starts the sprint by kicking against running blocks after they hear the starting gun shot. Sensors in the gun and starting block electronically measure how long it takes for the athlete to get started. It is assumed that it takes a .2 second interval for the sound of the gun to reach the runner's ears and for the runners to react to the gun shot.
The Olympic record for the 100-meter sprint is 9.58 seconds which was set by Usain Bolt, a Jamaican runner at the 2008 Summer Olympic Games in Beijing.
Regardless of the type of stroke, the number of laps or the total distance accomplished, the key to victory is the timing achieved by the swimmer.
Cycling is a sport where the leader or leaders can quickly change.
Olympic athletes didn't always receive gold, silver and bronze medals. During the Ancient Olympics, a kotinos wreath, a wreath of wild olive branches, was placed on the winner's head after their victory.
Regardless of the event played or who wins, these Olympians are all world-class athletes.
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