As a sentence ender: Jane and Jack went to the market.
After an abbreviation: Her Mar. birthday came and went.
Example: When did Jane leave for the market?
"Holy cow!" screamed Jane.
My mother-in-law's rants make me furious!
Suzi wanted the black, green and blue shoes.
We went to the movies, and we went to the beach.
Dear Uncle John,
Example: John was hurt; he knew she only said it to upset him.
Example: The box fell apart because it was no longer waterproof.
There are three winners: Tom, Joan and Mary.
The emdash (—) has several purposes. It is used to:
- show a break in thought or sentence structure
- introduce a phrase at the beginning of a sentence
- separate two clauses
Example: We only wanted to get two birds — but the clerk talked us into four pregnant parakeets.
Mrs. Smith - Reynolds
back - to - back
Example: John and Jane (who were actually half brother and sister) both have red hair.
Example: [Source of "test": Middle English, cupel, from Old French, pot, from Latin test?, testum.]
An issue of nat'l importance.
Sara's dog bites.
Six people were told to mind their P's and q's.
The king said "Go forth and bring back the gold."
The word finite means "unending."
She said he was a "guest."
Single quotation marks ( ' ) are used to show quotes within quotes.
"The power of the vote is to say 'no'."
She was difficult to understand . . . and so the story was never fully understood.
The mayor reported "The project was under budget . . . and the city council approved the project."
Fore score and seven years ago . . .
For more information on punctuation, check out YourDictionary's article "What Are the Fourteen Punctuation Marks in English Grammar?" and enjoy the informative infographic entitled "Managing the Punctuation Jungle."
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