Shaftesbury[s̸hafts′ber′ē, s̸häfts′-; -bər ē]
Shaftesbury, 1st Earl of (Anthony Ashley Cooper) 1621-83; Eng. statesman: lord chancellor (1672-73)
, First Earl of. Title of Anthony Ashley Cooper. 1621–1683.
English politician. Originally a Royalist, he later opposed Charles II in the English Civil War and is considered the founder of the Whig Party.