Rooftops of Sarajevo.
capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the central part: pop. 416,000
The capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the south-central part of the country southwest of Belgrade, Serbia. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife here on June 28, 1914, triggered the outbreak of World War I. After the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1992, Sarajevo was the object of a long siege by Bosnian Serb forces, until a peace agreement was signed in 1995, ending the civil war.