sandalwood definition by Webster's New World
- the hard, light-colored, closegrained, sweet-smelling heartwood of any of several allied trees of Asia, used for carving and cabinetmaking or burned as incense; esp., the wood of a S Asian evergreen tree (Santalum album) of the sandalwood family
- any tree yielding such wood
- any of a number of similar or related trees
- the wood of any of these
Origin: sandal, sandalwood ; from Middle English sandell ; from Middle French sandal ; from Midieval Latin sandalum ; from Late Greek santalon ; from Arabic ṣandal, ultimately ; from Sanskrit candana ; from Indo-European base an unverified form kand-, to gleam, bright from source Classical Latin candere, to shine
sandalwood definition by American Heritage Dictionary
- Any of several tropical Asian trees of the genus Santalum, especially S. album, having aromatic yellowish heartwood used in cabinetmaking and wood carving and yielding an oil used in perfumery.
- Any of several tropical Asian trees of the genera Adenanthera, Myroporum, and Pterocarpus.
- The wood of any of these trees.
- A light to moderate or grayish brown.