- a yellow garment resembling a scapular in shape and having a red Saint Andrew's cross in front and in back, worn by a confessed, penitent heretic in the Spanish Inquisition
- a similarly shaped black garment painted with flames, devils, etc., worn by a condemned heretic at an auto-da-fé
Origin of sanbenitoSpanish sambenito, after San Benito, Saint Benedict (see Benedict): from resembling a Benedictine scapular
A garment of sackcloth worn at an auto-da-fé of the Spanish Inquisition by condemned heretics, being yellow with red crosses for the penitent and black with painted flames and devils for the impenitent.
Origin of sanbenitoSpanish sambenito, after San Benito, Saint Benedict of Nursia (from its similarity to the scapular supposedly introduced by him).