- region in W Jordan, west of the Jordan River
- in ancient times, the N kingdom of the Hebrews; Israel
- the capital of this kingdom
- district of ancient Palestine between Galilee & Judea, later a part of the Roman province of Judea
An ancient city of central Palestine in the northern part of the present-day West Bank. It was founded in the ninth century BC as the capital of the northern kingdom of Israel, also known as Samaria. Conquered by Sargon II in 722 BC, it was destroyed in the second century and rebuilt by Herod the Great. According to tradition, Saint John the Baptist is buried here.