A city of west-central Austria near the German border southwest of Linz. Originally a Celtic settlement and later a Roman colony, it was long ruled by powerful archbishops. Wolfgang Mozart was born here in 1756, and the city now annually hosts an international music festival.x
- Matthias consolidated his position by alliances with the dukes of Saxony and Bavaria, with the Swiss Confederation, and the archbishop of Salzburg, and was henceforth the greatest potentate in central Europe.
- The House of Habsburg now ceded Salzburg and the Inn-Viertel to Napoleon (for his ally, the king of Bavaria); a great portion of the spoils which Austria had torn from Poland in 1795 went to the grand duchy of Warsaw, or Russia; and the cession of her provinces Carinthia, Carniola and Istria to the French empire cut her off from all access to the sea.
- By Styria and Salzburg, W.
- On his return he organized the church in Bavaria into the four bishoprics of Regensburg, Freising, Salzburg and Passau.
- Then came a theological and disciplinary controversy with Virgil, the Irish bishop of Salzburg, who held, among other heresies, that there were other worlds than ours.