seaport in S Italy, on an inlet (Gulf of Salerno) of the Tyrrhenian Sea
ancient name Sa·ler′num
A city of southern Italy on the Gulf of Salerno, an inlet of the Tyrrhenian Sea. Originally a Greek settlement and later a Roman colony (founded in 197 BC), Salerno was the site of a noted medical school in the Middle Ages.x
- Tajani, Le Istoria Albanesi (Salerno, 1886); G.
- The central mass of the mountains, however, throws out two outlying ranges, the one to the west, which separates the Bay of Naples from that of Salerno, and culminates in the Monte S.
- The Silarus or Sele enters the Gulf of Salerno a few miles below the ruins of Paestum.
- From the Gulf of Salerno, so that it is frequently (though erroneously) described as traversing the whole range of the Apennines.
- It predominates along the Ligurian Riviera from Bordighera to Spezia, and on the Adriatic, near San Benedetto del Tronto and Gargano, and, crossing the Italian shore of the Ioian Sea, prevails in some regions of Calabria, and terminates around the gulfs of Salerno, Sorrento and Naples.