RFID reader - Computer Definition
A transmitter/receiver that reads the contents of RFID tags in the vicinity. Also called an "RFID interrogator." The maximum distance between the reader's antenna and the tag vary, depending on application. Credit cards and ID badges have to be brought fairly close to the readers, somewhat like bar codes. For other applications, passive RFID tags can be read up to approximately 10 feet away, while active tags with batteries can be several hundred feet from the reader. Linear Vs. Circular Polarization Linear polarized antennas transmit in a straight line, and their orientation to the RFID tags is critical. Such antennas are used for conveyer belts where tags can be adhered to the cartons in a consistent manner. Circular polarized antennas radiate in a 90 degree pattern and are less sensitive to the tag's orientation on the package. The radio waves also move around obstructions better than linear antennas. See RFID, RFID tag, RFID printer and RFID-blocking wallet.