res judicatares ju·di·ca·ta
Law a matter already decided by judicial authority
Origin of res judicataL, thing decided
nounpl. res ju·di·ca·tae,
- The principle that a decision by a competent court in a case fully and fairly litigated is final and conclusive as to the claims and issues of the parties and cannot be relitigated.
- A claim or issue that has been decided under this principle.
Origin of res judicataLatin rēs iūdicāta thing decided rēs thing iūdicāta feminine past participle of iūdicāre to judge
(plural res judicatae)
- (law) An issue that is before a court, has already been decided by another court, and that therefore must be dismissed by the current court.
From Latin rÄ“s (“thing, matter, affair") iÅ«dicata, past participle of iÅ«dico (“judge")
res judicata - Legal Definition
A thing decided. A doctrine whereby the court’s decision is binding upon the parties in any and all subsequent litigation concerning the same case. In effect, it bars the litigants from seeking to take the same case to another court in hopes of a different outcome, or of raising new issues that were not raised at the first trial.