psilocybin[sī′lə sī′bin, sil′ə-]
a hallucinogenic drug obtained from a fungus (genus Psilocybe, esp. P. mexicana)
Origin of psilocybin; from Modern Latin Psilocybe ; from Classical Greek psilos, bare (akin to psēn, to rub: see psoriasis) + kybē, head + -in
A hallucinogenic compound, C12H17N2O4P, obtained from mushrooms chiefly of the genus Psilocybe.
Origin of psilocybinNew Latin Psīlocybē, mushroom genus (Greek psīlos, bare + Greek kubē, head) + –in.
- A hallucinogenic alkaloid, C₁₂H₁₅N₂O·H₂PO₃, present in several species of Central American mushroom and producing effects similar to LSD.
- 2005: The problem of the mushroom supply was solved straight away when Leary learned from a graduate student named George Litwin that a chemist at the Sandoz Corporation, Dr. Albert Hofmann, had recently synthesized the psychoactive molecule of the mushroom, calling it psilocybin. — Martin Torgoff, Can't Find My Way Home (Simon & Schuster 2005, p. 70)
- Psilocybe semilanceata
After German Psilocybin (coined by Albert Hofmann), from modern Latin psilocybe, from Greek ψιλός ‘smooth’ + κύβη ‘head’.