historical region of SE France, on the Mediterranean
Origin of ProvenceFrench from Classical Latin provincia, province
A historical region and former province of southeast France bordering on the Mediterranean Sea. It was settled c. 600 BC by Greeks and later by Phoenician merchants and was colonized by Rome in the second century BC. Provence became part of the kingdom of Arles in 933 AD and later passed to the Angevin dynasty (1246) and to France (1486).