- Gram. designating or of the past perfect tense in any of certain languages corresponding to the past perfect in English
- exceptionally perfect: sometimes used as an intensive
Origin: LL plusquamperfectus from Classical Latin plus quam perfectum, literally , more than perfect
- the past perfect tense
- a verb form in this tense
Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
- Of or being a verb tense used to express action completed before a specified or implied past time.
- More than perfect; supremely accomplished; ideal: “He has won a reputation as [a] pluperfect bureaucrat” (New York Times).
- The pluperfect tense, formed in English with the past participle of a verb and the auxiliary had, as had learned in the sentence He had learned to type by the end of the semester. Also called past perfect.
- A verb or form in the pluperfect tense.
Origin: Middle English pluperfyth, alteration of Latin plūs quam perfectum, more than perfect : plūs, more; see pelə-1 in Indo-European roots + quam, than + perfectum, neuter past participle of perficere, to complete; see perfect.