In the north of Syria four cities stood pre-eminent above the rest, (1) Antioch on the Orontes, the Seleucid capital; (2) Seleucia-in-Pieria near the mouth of the Orontes, which guarded the approach to Antioch from the sea; (3) Apamea (mod.
From the sea and its port, Seleucia of Pieria (Suedia).
On the north side of Thessaly there was an important pass from Petra in Pieria by the western side of Olympus, debouching on the plain northward of Larissa; it was by this that Xerxes entered, and we learn from Herodotus (vii.
Of Boghaz Keui (Pieria), built on a mound which contains some remarkable ruins of a large building - a palace or sanctuary - anterior to the Greek period and belonging to the same civilization as the ruins and rock-reliefs at Pteria.
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