- Pericardial effusion happens as a result of disease, injury, an inflammatory disorder, or when blood accumulates and blocks the flow of fluids.
- You can have pericardial effusion and have no symptoms at all, especially if the water build-up happens slowly over time.
- Symptoms - Breathing difficulties, chest pain, nausea, coughing, difficulty swallowing, dizziness, fast heart rate, overall weakness or fatigue
- Causes - Infections, inflammation of the pericardium, autoimmune disorders, kidney failure, underactive thyroid, HIV/AIDS, cancer metastasis, radiation or chemotherapy, wounds near the heart, certain prescription drugs
- Treatment for pericardial effusion depends on the amount of fluid, the cause, and how close are you to developing tamponade and may include anti-inflammatory medications or surgery.
The definition of pericardial effusion is the accumulation of excess fluid around the heart.
Facts About Pericardial Effusion
An example of pericardial effusion is when open heart surgery is needed to drain and repair the pericardium.