(plural performative utterances)
- (philosophy, linguistics) A sentence or other linguistic expression which, when expressed in an appropriate context, actually does or accomplishes something.
- Famous examples of performative utterances are "I now pronounce you husband and wife" (when uttered by the authorized officiator during a marriage ceremony) or "You're fired!" (when exclaimed by an employer terminating a person's employment).
Coined by philosopher J. L. Austin (1911-1960).