The definition of a patent application is a form that someone has to fill out to apply to have complete rights to an invention.Inventors have one year from public disclosure of an invention in which to file a patent. After that, they lose their chance. Consequently, inventors must be very cautious when discussing their inventions in public. In the case of two inventors attempting to patent similar items or processes, the inventor with the earlier application will most likely be given the patent.During the application process, inventors need to decide if they are applying for a global patent or just a patent for the United States. Filing for a global patent requires working through the individual intellectual property rights offices located in other countries. Not all patents require global protection.The application for a patent consists of thoroughly explaining and detailing the invention and its limits. Applications can be filed and resubmitted electronically.Patents filed for national protection will need to go before a review committee. Each review committee consists of members that are experts in their fields and qualified to review patents.This part of the patent process may take the longest. The length of time that it takes a patent to get through the initial review entirely depends on how many patents are in the queue before it. Some patents can take one to three years to get through this stage. Inventors do not need to be a citizen of the country in which they apply for a patent, which is one reason that there may be an application backlog.Once the review committee reviews an application and assuming that the application is not rejected, the committee will ask for more information. Inventors will then be required to resubmit additional data or addendums. Inventors have up to three months to resubmit their work.If the patent gains approval, a Notice of Allowance will be sent to the inventor. This notice informs all parties that the patent will be issued pending payment of all fees involved. From this point, the patent office issues the patent usually within three months of approval. If the patent is rejected, then a Notice of Rejection will be sent out. Inventors always have the option to appeal the rejection.
An example of a patent application is a form asking for details of the new invention and inventor.