- to boil (meat or vegetables) until partly cooked, as in preparation for roasting
- to make uncomfortably hot; overheat
Origin of parboilMiddle English parboilen ; from Old French parboullir ; from par (; from Classical Latin per), through, thoroughly + boullir (; from Classical Latin bullire), to boil: meaning influenced, influence in Middle English and amp; Modern English by associated, association of par with part
transitive verbpar·boiled, par·boil·ing, par·boils
- To cook partially by boiling for a brief period: parboiled and then sautéed the new potatoes.
- To subject to intense, often uncomfortable heat.
Origin of parboilMiddle English parboilen, to boil partly, to boil thoroughly (influenced by part, part), from Old French parboillir, to boil thoroughly, from Late Latin perbullīre : Latin per-, thoroughly; see per– + Latin bullīre, to boil.
(third-person singular simple present parboils, present participle parboiling, simple past and past participle parboiled)
From Old French parbouillir (“to boil thoroughly”), from Medieval Latin perbulliō, from Latin per (“thoroughly”) + bulliō (“I boil”). Sense “to boil partially” (c.1440), rather than original “to boil thoroughly” is by corruption: associating the prefix with part (from Latin pars (“part”)) rather than per.