An ancient city of southern Italy on the Gulf of Salerno. Founded as a Greek colony before 600 BC, it flourished as part of Magna Graecia and was taken by Rome in 273 BC.
- PAESTUM (Gr.IIoaecScwvia; mod.
- The neighbourhood was then healthy, highly cultivated, and celebrated for its flowers; the "twice blooming roses of Paestum" are mentioned by Virgil (Geor.
- In 871 Paestum was sacked and partly destroyed by Saracen invaders; in the 11th century it was further dismantled by Robert Guiscard, and in the 16th century was finally deserted.
- The earliest temple in Paestum, the socalled Basilica, must in point of style be associated with the temples D and F at Selinus, and is therefore to be dated about 57 0 -554 B.C.'
- The most famous of the temples of Paestum, the so-called temple of Neptune, comes next in point of date (about 420 B.C.).