- 1835, Joseph Rodman Drake, The Culprit Fay, 1899, The Culprit Fa[y], page 4,
- For an Ouphe has broken his vestal vow; / He has loved an earthly maid, / And left for her his woodly shade;
- 1835, Review of The Culprit Fay and Other Poems by Joseph Rodman Drake and Alnwick Castle by Fitz-Greene Halleck, Southern Literary Messenger, Volume 2, page 329,
- The plot is as follows. An Ouphe, one of the race of Fairies, has "broken his vestal vow," […] in short, he has broken Fairy-law in becoming enamored of a mortal.
From the same origin as oaf (“elf child”).