Boulwarism a form of labor-management negotiation in which management opens with a generous offer that is subject to little or no bargaining. laborite a member of a political party or other group allied with the interests of labor. Luddism the beliefs of bands of early 19th-century English workmen that attempted to prevent the use of labor-saving machinery by destroying it. Also Ludditism. —Luddite, n. unionism the practices and policies of a labor union. —unionist, n., adj. Whitleyism a system of permanent voluntary boards in English industries in which both management and workers settle matters of wages, hours, etc.