a widespread rock formation containing a mixture of sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks, thought to be the result of sea-floor rifting or crustal plate collisions
Origin of ophiolitefrom Classical Greek ophis, a snake (see ophiolatry) + -lite
Any of a group of rocks, especially mafic and ultramafic igneous rocks, thought to have formed during crustal thinning at a mid-ocean ridge and to have been subsequently thrust onto continental crust.
Origin of ophioliteFrench ophiolite Greek ophis snake (in reference to the typically greenish serpentine rocks, diabase, and peridotite found in ophiolites) French -lite -lite ; see -lite .
Ancient Greek á½„Ï†Î¹Ï‚ (ophis, “serpent") + -lite